Feline Health Glossary 1 :: Conversions and Units of Measurement
 

Ever wonder how to calculate weights and measures? Ever wonder what those vet's prescription notes mean? And just what do those lab test results mean? This page includes weights and measures, equivalents, and prescription abbreviations. Page 2 will focus on hematologic and biochemical elements. Page 3 includes a vaccination schedule.
 
 

TEMPERATURE CONVERSIONS
(convert (°C) to (°F)

Celcius Fahrenheit
36.0 96.8
36.5 97.7
37.0 98.6
37.5 99.5
38.0 100.4
38.2 100.8
38.4 101.1
38.6 101.5
38.8 101.8
39.0 102.2
39.2 102.6
39.4 102.9
39.6 103.3
39.8 103.6
40.0 104.0
40.2 104.4
40.4 104.7
40.6 105.1
40.8 105.4
41.0 105.8
41.2 106.2
41.4 106.6
41.6 106.8
41.8 107.2
42.0 107.6
LINEAR MEASURE


1 millimeter (mm) = 0.04 inch (in)
1 centimeter (cm) = 0.4 in
1 decimeter = 4 in
1 inch (in) = 2.54 cm
1 foot (ft) = 30.48 cm
1 yard (yd) = 91.44 cm

To convert inches to millimeters and centimeters:

1/8 inch = 3 mm
1/4 inch = 6 mm
1/2 inch = 12.5 mm
3/4 inch = 18 mm
1 inch = 2.5 cm
2 inch = 5 cm
3 inch = 7.5 cm
4 inch = 10 cm
5 inch = 12.5 cm
6 inch = 15 cm
7 inch = 17.5 cm
8 inch = 20 cm
9 inch = 22.5 cm
10 inch = 25 cm
11 inch = 27.5 cm
12 inch = 30 cm
10 mm = 1 cm
100 cm = 1 meter (m)
1,000 m = 1 kilometer (km)


NOTE: Normal feline temperature is 101-102.5° (F), anything significantly higher or lower warrants immediate veterinary attention.
To convert degrees F to degrees C, subtract 32, then multiply by 5/9. To convert degrees C to degrees F, multiply by 9/5, and then add 32.

WEIGHTS

1 gamma = 1 microgram (mcg)
1,000 mcg = 1 milligram (mg)
1,000 mg = 1 gram (g)
1,000 g = 1 kilogram (kg)
1,000 g = 1 kg = 2.2 lb

To convert ounces (oz) and pounds (lb) to grams (g) and kilograms (kg):

1 ounce (oz ) = 28.3 g
2 ounce = 56.7 g
3 ounce = 85 g
4 ounce = 113.3 g
5 ounce = 141.6 g
6 ounce = 170 g
7 ounce = 198.3 g
8 ounce = 226.6 g
9 ounce = 254.7 g
10 ounce = 283.5 g
11 ounce = 311.8 g
12 ounce = 240 g
13 ounce = 367.9 g
14 ounce = 396.2 g
15 ounce = 425 g
16 ounce = 453.6 g (1 lb)
1 pound (lb) = 453.6 g
2 lb = 907.2 g
3 lb = 1.4 kg
4 lb = 1.8 kg
5 lb = 2.3 kg
10 lb = 4.5 kg
50 lb = 22.7 kg
100 lb = 45.4 kg
1,000 lb = 453.6 kg
2,000 lb = 907.2 kg
20 grains (gr) = 1 scruple
3 scruples = 1 dram
8 drams = 1 ounce
3 scruples = 60 gr
1 ounce = 480 gr
1 lb = 5,760 gr (= 16 oz Avoirdupois)
APPROXIMATE EQUIVALENTS

Approximate equivalents to milligrams (mg) and grains (gr):
0.2 mg = 1/300 gr
0.3 mg = 1/200 gr
0.4 mg = 1/150 gr
0.5 mg = 1/120 gr
0.6 mg = 1/100 gr
1 mg = 1/60 gr

Approximate equivalents of grams (g), grains (gr), and drams:
4 g = 60 gr = 1 dram

Approximate equivalents of milliliters (ml), minims (m), drams, and ounces (oz):
0.06 ml = 1 m
0.5 ml = 8 m
1 ml = 15 m
4 ml = 1 fluid dram
30 ml = 1 fl oz
250 ml = 8 fl oz
500 ml = 16 fl oz (pt)
1,000 ml = 32 fl oz (qt)

APPROXIMATE HOUSEHOLD MEASURES

1 teaspoonful = 5 ml (cc)
3 teaspoonfuls = 1 Tablespoonful
1 Tablespoon = 1/2 fl oz = 15 ml
1 jigger = 1- 1/2 fl oz = 45 ml
1 cup = 8 fl oz = 240 ml

 

 
VOLUME

1 milliliter (ml) = 1,000 microliters
1 liter (l) = 1,000 ml
1 fluid dram = 60 minims (m)
8 fluid dram = 1 fluid oz (fl oz)
1 fluid ounce = 480 m = 8 fl drams
1 pint (pt) = 7,680 m = 16 fl oz
1 quart (qt) = 2 pt
1 gallon (gal) = 4 qt

To convert liters (l) to ounces (oz), pints (pt), quarts (qt), and gallons (gal):

1/4 liters = 8-1/2 oz
1/2 liters = 1 pt 1 oz
1 liter = 1 qt 2 oz
4 liters = 1 gal 7 oz
10 liters = 2 3/4 gal
25 liters = 6- 3/4 gal
50 liters = 13- 1/4 gal
100 liters = 26- 1/2 gal

To convert ounces (oz), pints (pt), quarts (qt), and gallons (gal) to milliliters (ml) and liters (l):

1 oz = 29.6 ml
2 oz = 59.2 ml
3 oz = 88.8 ml
4 oz = 118.4 ml
5 oz = 148 ml
6 oz = 177.5 ml
7 oz = 207.2 ml
8 oz = 236.8 ml
1 pt = 473.2 ml
1 qt = 946 ml (or 0.946 liters)
2 qt = 1.893 liters
3 qt = 2.839 liters
4 qt = 3.785 liters
DOSAGE FORMS, WEIGHTS AND VOLUME

To convert dosage forms according to body weight, the following conversion table will provide approximate equivalents:

From: gr/lb x 65 = mg/lb
From: gr/lb x 143 = mg/kg
From: mg/lb x 2.2 = mg/kg
From: mg/kg x 0.007 = gr/lb
From: mg/lb x 0.015 = gr/lb
From: mg/kg x 0.454 = mg/lb
To convert lb to g, multiply number of lb by 453.6

Weights: To convert from one unit of measure to another, the following conversion table will provide approximate equivalents:

From grams x 0.03527 = ounces
From ounces x 28.349 = grams
From pounds x 0.4536 = kilograms

Volume: To convert from one unit of measure to another, the following conversion table will provide approximate equivalents:

From liters x 1,000 = cubic centimeters
From ounces x 0.02957 = liters
From quarts x 0.9463 = liters
From gallons x 3.785 = liters

 

PRESCRIPTION ABBREVIATIONS

DOSAGE SCHEDULES
PO Per os, oral, by mouth
NPO Nothing by mouth; nothing orally
PRN As needed
q Every
QOD Every other day
SID Once a day
BID Twice a day
TID Three times a day
QID Four times a day
ROUTES of ADMINISTRATION
IC Intracardiac
IM Intramuscular
IV Intravenous
SQ Subcutaneous
IT Intrathecal
IP Intraperitoneally
TIME
sec second
min minute
hr hour
q every
d day
wk week
mo month
yr year

 

MORE ABBREVIATIONS

ad lib as much as desired
ATP adenosine triphosphate
C Celsius
cal calorie
CNS central nervous system
CFS cerebrospinal fluid
cu cubic
dL deciliter
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
ECG electrocardiogram
eg for example
IU international unit
kcal kilocalorie
M Molar
Mcal megacalorie
ME metabolizable energy
mEq milliequivalent
mol mole
mOsm milliosmol
nm nanometer
NRC National Research Council
p/pp page/pages
PCV packed cell volume
ELISA enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
EPG eggs per gram (of feces)
et seq and the following one(s)
F Fahrenheit
GI gastrointestinal
H&E hematoxylin and eosin (stain)
Hgb hemoglobin
ie that is
Ig immunoglobulin
pH negative logarithm of hydrogen ion avctivity
ppb parts per billion
ppm parts per million
qs ad quantity sufficient to make
RBC red blood cell
RNA ribonucleic acid
SI Units International System of Units
SPF specific pathogen free
sq square
TDN total digestible nutrients
u unit
WBC white blood cell

NOTE: If you are given a prescription for your kitty, you are responsible for understanding it's use, it's course and term of use, and following up with your vet as he advises. Please note the expiration date on all medications, whether or not it should be refrigerated, and if tablets have been scored or cut for you. If your kitty has difficulty in pilling, for whatever the reason, many suspension forms are available, please ask your vet for these options. Follow up with re-check appointments as necessary, and alert your vet promptly if your kitty experiences side effects, or other effects of the medication. Your vet needs to monitor the medication's effectiveness in order to best treat her for a specific problem. It is up to you to follow your vet's advice and instructions. Please do not hesitate to contact your vet should you have further questions or concerns about any treatment or about medications your kitty is receiving.


 
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