Feline Dietary 2 :: Equivalent Diets & AAFCO Nutrient Chart
 

HOMEMADE EQUIVALENT DIETS
 

Note: Please do not ever attempt to prepare or feed homemade diets to your kitty without the specific advice and direction of your vet. The following diets are considered equivalents to prescription diets and are intended only to be fed in cases of anorexia, debilitation, or emergency situations on advice of your vet. Each is specially formulated and intended for a specific problem or health condition. These diets DO need additional supplementation, so please consult with your vet before feeding any homemade or natural diet. Remember, cats may need additional taurine and possibly other supplementation when these diets are used. Please contact your vet for further information.
 
 

HYPOALLERGENIC DIET

1/4 lb. (115 g) lamb
1 cup (175 g) cooked white rice
1 t. (5 g) vegetable oil
1 1/2 t. (7 g) dicalcium phosphate
1/8 t. (0.6 g) potassium chloride
Add a balanced supplement which fulfills the feline MDR for all vitamins and trace minerals

Combine all ingredients and mix well. Yield: 2/3 lb. (300 g)
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LIQUID DIET

1/2 can (224 g) Prescription Diet Feline P/D
3/4 cup (170 ml) water

Blend to smooth consistency in a blender. Strain through a kitchen strainer. Yield: 390 ml
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RESTRICTED MINERAL & SODIUM DIET

1 lb. (450 g) regular ground beef, cooked
1/4 lb. (115 g) liver
1 cup (175 g) cooked white rice, without the salt
1 t. (5 g) vegetable oil
1 t (5 g) calcium carbonate
Add a balanced supplement which fulfills the feline MDR for all vitamins and trace minerals

Combine all ingredients. Yield: 1 3/4 lb. (750 g)
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RESTRICTED PROTEIN/PHOSPHORUS DIET

1/4 lb. (115 g) liver
2 large eggs (100 g), hard-cooked
2 cups (350 g) cooked white rice, without the salt
1 T. (15 g) vegetable oil
1 t. (5 g) calcium carbonate 1/4 t. (1 g) potassium chloride (salt substitute)
Add a balanced supplement which fulfills the feline MDR for all vitamins and trace minerals

Dice and braise the liver, retaining the fat. Combine all ingredients and mix well. This mixture is somewhat dry and the palatability may be improved by adding some water (not milk). Yield: 1 1/4 lb. (585 g)
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LOW-FAT REDUCING DIET

1 1/4 lb. (565 g) liver, cooked and ground
1 cup (175 g) cooked white rice
1 t. (5 g) vegetable oil
1 t. (5 g) calcium carbonate
Add a balanced supplement which fulfills the feline MDR for all vitamins and trace minerals

Combine all ingredients. Yield: 1 3/4 lbs. (750 g)

NOTE: Dicalcium phosphate, calcium carbonate and potassium chloride are all available in your local supermarket and pharmacy, in the form of salt substitutes, low-salt, and Tums antacids. Please consult with your vet further about these diets and other diets available. A crude analysis of each of these diets is available in your vet's office, please ask him for further details.
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AAFCO NUTRIENT REQUIREMENTS FOR FELINES
(The American Association for Feed Control Officals)

NUTRIENT GROWTH and REPRODUCTION MINIMUM ADULT MAINTENANCE MINIMUM ADULT MAINTENANCE MAXIMUM
Protein (%) 30.0 26.0 -
Arginine (%) 1.25 1.04 -
Histidine (%) 0.31 0.31 -
Isoleucine (%) 0.52 0.52 -
Leucine (%) 1.25 1.25 -
Lysine (%) 1.20 0.83 -
Methionine + cystine (%) 1.10 1.10 -
Methionine (%) 0.62 0.62 1.5
Phenylalanine + tyrosine (%) 0.88 0.88 -
Phenylalanine (%) 0.42 0.42 -
Taurine (extruded, %) 0.10 0.10 -
Taurine (canned, %) 0.20 0.20 -
Threonine (%) 0.73 0.73 -
Tryptophan (%) 0.25 0.16 -
Valine (%) 0.62 0.62 -
Fat (%) 9.0 9.0 -
Linoleic Acid (%) 0.5 0.5 -
Arachidonic Acid (%) 0.02 0.02 -
MINERALS
Calcium (%) 1.0 0.6 -
Phosphorus (%) 0.8 0.5 -
Potassium (%) 0.6 0.6 -
Sodium (%) 0.2 0.2 -
Chloride (%) 0.3 0.3 -
Magnesium (%) 0.08 0.04 -
Iron (mg/kg) 80 80 -
Copper (mg/kg) 5 5 -
Iodine (mg/kg) 0.35 0.35 -
Zinc (mg/kg) 75 75 2,000
Manganese (mg/kg) 7.5 7.5 -
Selenium (mg/kg) 0.1 0.1 -
VITAMINS
Vitamin A (IU/kg) 9,000 5,000 750,000
Vitamin D (IU/kg) 750 500 10,000
Vitamin E (IU/kg) 30 30 -
Vitamin K (mg/kg) 0.1 0.1 -
Thiamine (mg/kg) 5.0 5.0 -
Riboflavin (mg/kg) 4.0 4.0 -
Pyridoxine (mg/kg) 4.0 4.0 -
Niacine (mg/kg) 60 60 -
Panthothenic Acid (mg/kg) 5.0 5.0 -
Folic Acid (mg/kg) 0.8 0.8 -
Biotin (mg/kg) 0.07 0.07 -
Vitamin B12 (mg/kg) 0.02 0.02 -
Choline (mg/kg) 2,400 2,400 -

Nutrient requirements are per kg of diet on a dry-matter basis. These AAFCO nutrient profiles for cat foods presume an energy density of 4.0 kcal ME/g dry matter. Rations >4.5 kcal/g should be corrected for energy density.


 
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